29 mars 2019
Graffiti, stencils, collage ... We don’t always realize how many different forms Street Art comes into. In the past few decades, Street artists have been criticized and even considered criminals. However, the public perception of Street art has fortunately changed quite a bit, with artworks sold for millions in auction houses worldwide, and artists like Shepard Fairey, Banksy or JR being exhibited in the finest museums. Now let’s take a look at this incredible success story.
Street Art was born on New York City subway, in the early 1970’s. It all started from tagged initials on the trains, and quickly completely covered them. Within a few years, New York city subway found its signature look. As time went on, artists kept on perfecting their techniques and trying new things.
But in 1980, a new law completely forbade young artists to use the City as their canvas, and a few brave artists moved on to not so welcoming neighborhoods of the Big Apple. But Street art fever was already spreading through America, in cities like Chicago, Los Angeles or even Washington.
In the 1980’s, graffiti makes its debut in France with artists such as Bando, Blitz and Lokiss. At the time, all forms of Street art are considered illegal and are seen as public property damage. When getting caught, artists would be fined or even sent to prison.
But over the years, New York City inspired murals were everywhere in Paris. From chic neighborhoods to major Institutions like the Louvre or Centre Pompidou museums, everyone is talking about it. Many young artists enjoyed this “forbidden” element and the public interest kept on growing. The techniques start to change, as well as the themes and colors.
« Graffiti » : an Italian word that meant “writing”, “drawing” or “painting” but it became an international code for signatures on the streets.
Early famous graffers like Futura or Phase 2 are developing their styles around their signatures. Phase 2 becomes the first artist to draw large letters and fill them in with colors. This became a major moment in calligraphy, as readibility no longer dictated handwriting’s visual quality.
Stencils quickly become a huge part of Street Art, especially in Europe, with artists like Blek, Banksy or MissTic. This technique allows the artists to work very quickly on the streets, which was crucial for this illegal practice. Most of the work comes from cutting drawings or shapes from pieces of cardboard or plastic, which can be done privately.
Used by world-famous artists like JR, collage is about applying posters on the streets. This style is very easily removable and does not damage urban property.
Born on the streets Street Art has come a long way and is now found in the finest Museums. It raises a lot of questions on the meaning of these artworks.
Can an Artistic movement that was about rebellion and transgression still carry the same message in places like the Tate Modern or MOCA Los Angeles? Whilst there is no definite answer, it is quite obvious that this recognition kept Street Art alive and gave it its global visibility.