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20 avril 2017
From Henry Matisse’ Fauvism to Yves Klein’ New Realism passing by Marc Chagall Surrealism, , Dufy's "colors" or Ben's pranks, Nice always shined by its artistic dynamism. Sometimes cradle land, sometimes welcoming land, the Baie des anges has inevitably bound its destiny to its numerous artist children.
Yves Klein is a shooting star in the midst of Art. His career spans only eight small but prolix years, from 1954 to 1962, when he died of a heart attack at the age of 36. Recognized as one of the most important artists of the avant-garde movement of the post-war period, Klein is mainly identified by a precise color: an ultramarine blue soberly titled IKB (International Klein Blue). Deposited at the National Institute of Industrial Property in 1960, this color is a combination of an ultramarine blue pigment and a fixative with fluid paste. Far from the chemical and technical considerations, Yves Klein gives in monochrome painting. It is a way for this artist born in Nice in 1928 to repress the figurative, subjective and expressionistic elements of Art. In this way, he seeks to awaken the spectator's receptivity to those experiences closely related to everyday life such as thought, touch and sight. Yves Klein is a forerunner of body-art and influential in conceptual art. He is a world-wide source of inspiration for his contemporaries and for generations of artists. An irrefutable recognition of the world of art which is reflected in a few figures. In 2012, its FC1 artwork reached the record price of $ 36 million at an auction at Christie's. More than half a century after its disappearance the unique blue of its paintings is still burning with the same fire, for proof, the MAMAC (Museum of Modern Art and Contemporary Art of Nice) today welcomes more than 160 000 visitors. Per year that crowd in a room reserved for the works of Klein. A museum, pivot of contemporary Art of the Niçoise region, located ... Place Yves Klein! You cannot make that up.
In the Nice registers of births of the year 1928 alongside the name of Yves Klein was that of Armand Pierre Fernandez. Very early, he showed capacities for drawing and painting and after studying at the School of Decorative Arts in Nice and then at the Louvre, he met Claude Pascal and the inevitable Yves Klein coming down Nice. In homage to Van Gogh, he signs all his works of his first name which will become Arman in 1958 due to a printing error on the invitation card to an exhibition at Iris Clert. It was in the early 1960s that his career moved to a new dimension with the beginning of Accumulations of objects. Fully engaged in the intellectual and artistic movement of the sixties, he multiplied works and international exhibitions, he even met Marcel Duchamp. In the mid-1970s, Arman reached the recognition of his work in France and abroad and took American citizenship. Between his Accumulations, Fragmentations and Superpositions projects, Arman's work is now represented in all major international museums. Died in 2005 in New York, the city of Nice has never forgotten it and devoted to it several major exhibitions since its disappearance, an Arman museum would even be planned to pay homage to the genius of one of Nice's children.
A native of Naples, on July 18, 1935, Ben spent the first four years of his life in Italy. While in 1939 World War II knocked at the door of Europe, he fled with his mother to Switzerland and then to Turkey. In 1945, when the war ended, he continued his family journey to Egypt and finally settled in Nice. After several other journeys, her mother decides to choose Nice where she has long-time friends. In the Azurean capital, between 1955 and 1958, Ben forges his artistic spirit on the Promenade des Anglais where he discusses painting, philosophy and politics daily with ... Yves Klein and Arman! His creativity is boundless and he multiplies experiences and concepts. He considers that the backbone of his work is then that all Art, however arbitrary, must necessarily bring a shock and be new. After having taken an interest in the notion of appropriation, the theater and the link between life and art, he worked in Berlin with young artists from around the ethnic groups. A solid questioning of his place as an artist in society will lead him to write and reflect on what he really is and what his art is. Ben lives today in the heights of Nice in a house on the road to Saint-Pancrace. His place of living is identifiable and recognizable among thousands, as it is a work and a museum in itself, it is becoming a high place of the Art of Nice alongside the MAMAC and the Matisse Museum.
Native of Nice, Richard Poumelin began to draw at the age of 16. A pupil of Jean-Georges Inca, Richard is inspired by impressionist and post-impressionist masters like Turner or Parkes-Boningon. His vision of the South and his modern approach consists in creating a "world apart" full of emotions and vibrations in which the spectator is transported into a sunny and warm universe. His quest for the absolute opens the way to intense lyricism.