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Marine paintings

Carré d'artistes presents a large selection of marine view paintings. Marine painting is an easily recognizable pictorial genre: it is characterized by a representation of the sea, ships and boats, a port, waves, or anything that comes close to the aquatic universe.

History of marine painting

The history of marine painting begins in prehistoric times, where boats are already represented on walls, then on vessels during the time of ancient Greece. The Middle Ages represented the sea in painting when it was necessary for a religious narrative: it was therefore not an artistic genre in its own right. This is Flemish painting, from the 16th century, which gave this genre its first letters of nobility. Panoramic views of large bodies of water appear. Boats emerge from the water and begin to fill the sea with their great white sails. But it is truly the 17th century in Holland that is considered the golden age of sea paintings. The paintings of naval battles are numerous and impressive. There are also scenes of calm rivers. Through painting, the story of famous shipwrecks is also told. The 18th century continued in this direction. It was the time of major military actions. Marine painting follows this movement, although in Venice, for example, they preferred to represent the canals and the peaceful gondolas of the city.

In the 19th century, the genre continued and evolved with the schools of its time. The Impressionists blurred the landscape, the Romantics brought a touch of mysticism to bodies of water, etc. Beach scenes also appeared. The artists alternated successively between black and tumultuous representations and calm representations of the sea. In the 20th century, the genre did not disappear but lost some notes of nobility. The marine views are still important and many modern and contemporary artists represent the sea in painting.

Famous marine painters

It is mainly between the 17th and the 19th centuries that we find the most famous marine painters. Before this period, we think of Pieter Brueghel the Elder, who painted pictures of the sea in addition to scenes of peasant life. Claude Gellée, called Lorrain, is a French painter known for his port views, like for example Seaport at Sunset (1639). In the same way, Canaletto painted panoramic marine views of Venice. Later the French painter Claude Joseph Vernet became famous for his marine paintings. In England, William turner is one of the great representatives of this genre. The 19th century also had its frontrunners, such as Géricault and his famous Raft of the Medusa (1819), or Monet, thanks to the superb Impression, Rising Sun (1872). On the other side of the globe, but no less famous, Hokusai's iconic Great Wave off Kanagawa (1831), proves that the sea is an essential element in the painting of all periods and all countries.

At Carré d'artistes, discover contemporary paintings of marine views, by artists such as Eric Munsch , Franck Hébert , Bruno Klein , Nicole Ortis-Bommarito and even more.

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