Sculptures by medium

Carré d'artistes offers you a large selection of varied and diverse sculpting techniques. To create a sculptural work, artists may use any of multiple sculpting techniques and sometimes enjoy bringing several together. These include carving, assembling, modelling and the use of resin, bronze, metal, Raku, stone or even repurposed objects.

Sculpting techniques

Sculpting is an artistic process which requires the creation of shapes in volume or in relief. Over the centuries, we have discovered shapes in the round, in low relief, in high relief, shapes by modelling, by direct carving, or even by welding or assembly.


Modelling is the most instinctive and primitive technical process. Pottery (stoneware, porcelain or earthenware) is shaped through contact with the fingers. It is an ancient technique. Today, many contemporary artists choose offbeat materials or repurposed objects for their creations: sheet metal, metal, plastic, plant material etc. With modelling, the sculptor adds or removes material to find the dimensions of what he wishes to represent. The technique of modelling is possible with media of a "plastic" type – in other words, which have the ability to deform at will in a reversible way under the effect of touch – such as clay, wax, resin, plaster etc. At any time, the artist can start or correct the stroke thanks to the flexibility of the material.


The principle of carving is to subtract from the material. The artist strikes his material with a tool. As the shards are broken, the form comes to life. There are two basic techniques for shaping stone or wood. The first is direct carving, which is carried out without prior sketches and takes into account the original shape of the block. It is the material that inspires the sculptor to find the final shape. The second technique, on the contrary, is carving with adjustments, to remain faithful and as close as possible to what the sculptor wishes to reproduce from reality.


The process of assembling consists of grouping of different elements or objects. The sculptor can use tenon, mortise, bolt, rivet, screw, glue, weld to achieve his results. The assembled elements do not necessarily come from the same material. The contemporary artist can also use recycled, manufactured, natural, new or old objects…

Sculptures and materials

Sculpture techniques vary depending on the material chosen to create a work.

Resin sculpture

The artists Floh and Pappay work with resin to form and deform imaginary representations of reality in vivid colours. Polyester resin is popular in the artistic world because it adapts to many situations and has become one of the incomparable sculpture techniques. Duane Hanson was a hyper-realistic sculptor who made his extremely precise resin casts directly on his models.

Bronze sculpting

Aude Silve, Liselotte Andersen and Liliane Danino use bronze sculpture techniques to reinterpret the image of the body in all its forms.

Metal sculpture

Frédéric Fortuné and Pablo Macias choose metal to create portraits in relief or characters from pieces of assembled elements.

Raku sculpting

Pottery artists explore the sculpting techniques of Raku with its infinite possibilities. Thanks to the firing process, it is possible to explore the full potential of this style with techniques such as salt glaze or pit firing.

Stone sculpting

Artists who choose stone as their medium must decide whether they want to use the original shape as their basis for creating an object or whether they want to remove material to arrive at their original idea. With stone, it is impossible to go back – each strike of the tool is irreversible, which adds to the poetry of the work.

Sculpting from repurposed objects

Tinguely, César and a large number of contemporary collectives have taken a close interest in abandoned objects to bring them back to life by assembling them together in unexpected ways. It is one of the sculpture techniques that has gained the most momentum, particularly thanks to street art. At Carré d'artistes, discover a range of sculpting techniques offered by contemporary artists: Floh, Daniel Castan, Pappay, Aude Silve, Liselotte Andersen, Liliane Danino, Frédéric Fortuné and Pablo Macias…


(35 Artworks)

35 Artworks



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