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Classic sculptures

Carré d'artistes presents a wide selection of classical sculptures. Classical sculpture is a style of sculpture which takes up the codes of the works of Greek and Roman antiquity. The term refers to both ancient sculptures and more recent sculptures that are made in the Hellenistic style.

Characteristics

The classical style

A classical style sculpture is not very difficult to spot: it is figurative and the realism is taken to the maximum. Marble is the material most often used for these creations. The whiteness of a statue and its great realism are often the two characteristics which designate a sculpture of classical style. Above all, the classical style in sculpture essentially reproduces human bodies, in a wide variety of shapes. From children to old people, including riders, illustrious figures and beautiful women, classical sculpture likes to represent the human body as faithfully as possible and in all its diversity.

Techniques

The materials used are mainly marble, stone, bronze and sometimes clay. The technique used is that of stone carving or the use of casts. Sculptors mainly use chisels. Today, the techniques can vary more widely, they can also be repurposed voluntarily in order to create a contemporary influenced work in the classical style.

History and influences

History

The history of classical sculpture begins in the archaic period in ancient Greece. In art history, we recognise the first sculptures of this style from kouroi, which are statues of naked men in a standing position. Egyptian influence was strong during this period. Realism was not yet very pronounced but did not take long before rapidly developing. The classical period of ancient Greece was really the starting point: sculptors were increasingly focusing on human anatomy and the study of movement. It was during this period that the famous Doryphoros was created by Polykleitos. This was followed by the Hellenistic period in Greece, during which sculptures were increasingly realistic and detailed. The emphasis was often on scenes of life or on the (highly developed) musculature of male subjects. Then the Roman period entered this style. Roman artists had copied Greek artists for a long time before developing a genre of sculpture of their own. The emphasis was on the individual, especially on important figures of the time (the Roman emperors, for example). Most importantly, the Romans invented portrait sculpture, which took the form of a bust, like the Bust of the Emperor Hadrian (127 AD). The Renaissance would later return to the past and take up the hitherto forgotten codes of classical sculpture. This revival made it possible for this style to continue in history and continue developing, like the invention of the neoclassical style, for example, in the 18th century.

The influence of ancient sculpture

The classical style of sculpture is attached to the ancient period but is also found later in history. It has had an influence, even today still, on sculptors of all times. Because this style leans towards realism, it is an excellent way to learn the art of sculpture, and above all, to know how to reproduce bodies faithfully. The classical sculptors are therefore not all people of antiquity or the Renaissance. The influence of the ancient style of sculpture is such that we find classical sculptors even in our contemporary period.

At Carré d'artistes, come and discover contemporary artists who are inspired by classical style sculptures.

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